The aims of this course are to enable candidates to develop their knowledge and understanding of the nature of religion in the following three key areas:
The course requires candidates to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:
In addition students will study Christianity from both the theological and historical perspectives. Students will develop an understanding of:
Ethics Ethical Philosophy: Kant and the Categorical Imperative; Utilitarianism, in many forms; Absolute and Relative Morality; The relation between these ethical systems and religious methods of decision making; Practical ethics as applied to two key issues: euthanasia and Capitalism.
Philosophy of Religion: Ancient Greek influences on Philosophy Attributes of God; The main philosophical arguments for and against the existence of God including the work of Aquinas, Paley, Hick and Darwin; Attempts to resolve the problem of evil.
Developments in Christian thought: Augustinian soteriology, predestination and Original Sin; Heaven, Hell and Purgatory; The historical figure of Jesus and the political climate of Roman Palestine; How do Christians make ethical decisions?; the life and work of Dietrich Bonhoeffer.
Religious Ethics: Free will and human conscience. Are we born with ideas about right and wrong or do we develop these? Do humans have genuine free-will or are our decisions controlled? The different vantage points on the conscience offered by Thomas Aquinas and Sigmund Freud. What does ‘good’ actually mean and can we have a universal understanding of it? Philosophical and religious responses to moral issues surrounding business, sex and relationships and the environment.
Philosophy of Religion: Do humans have a body and a soul and what is our evidence for this? What happens after death? Are religious experiences and miracles genuine? Can God really reveal himself to humans? Can we accurately discuss religion? Can we describe God? Can different religions have genuine discussions with one another?
Developments in Christianity: How can Christian theologians reconcile soteriological claims with the existence of competing religions? How do Christians live out a Christian life in the context of a multi-cultural society? Can one be a Christian and a feminist? Or is the Bible an irretrievably misogynistic document? Is it possible to be a Marxist Christian? Or does Marx’s analysis of society preclude religious belief?
Examinations Required: Two exams - three papers of 2 hours taken in June.
Entry Requirements: Minimum GCSEs at grade 6 or above in English Language and mathematics and 3 other GCSEs at grade 6 or above or 'B' in the unreformed subjects and Short or Full course RE. (Negotiable if students have not taken GCSE RE)
Exam Board & Syllabus Names: OCR Religious Studies (H573)